Home » News » General » Batswana youths, women top unemployment figures

Batswana youths, women top unemployment figures

Publishing Date : 13 May, 2019

Author : UTLWANANG GASENNELWE

A study released this week shows that Batswana youths and women top the unemployment statistics in Botswana. The general unemployment rate currently stands at 17%. The findings indicate that in terms of gender, being male as opposed to female increases the probability for employment relative to unemployment.


The study, which is titled “determinants of Youth Unemployment and Labour Market Transitions of the Youth in Botswana” was conducted by the University of Botswana (UB) renowned academics Professor Happy Siphambe in collaboration with Dr. Malebogo Bakwena, Dr. Lexi Setlhare and few other scholars at the highest institution of learning.


The research paper further states that the youth population also tends to experience higher unemployment rates than the older population. Youth in the study were categorised, as most programmes in Botswana define youth, between the ages of 15 to 39 years. “Since young people generally have no workplace experience, which makes it difficult for them to obtain jobs,” the academics pointed out in which Gabane was used as a case study.


Thus, according to the study, younger youth are also likely than older youth to become unemployed and to be discouraged. It states that high youth unemployment rate is also a result of the high school dropout in the country. Study states that in the years 2012-2014, a total of 8,051 students even dropped out from secondary school, in which a whopping 5,031 were females. “The probability of Job losses were lower for individuals with secondary education than those with primary education,” highlights the research paper.


In Botswana, Statistics Botswana of 2016 also indicate that youth unemployment is currently estimated at 25.2% with female unemployment higher than that of males at 26.9% percent as compared to 23.6% percent for males. The new research paper fills the gap which was left by many studies that were carried out on youth unemployment and on unemployment in general in Botswana which did not examine the gross transitions and the transitions determined by individual socio-economic characteristics.


Study emphasised that “the transition probabilities from employment to unemployment for women was higher than for males at 10.2 percent and 10.8 percent respectively between the two time periods.” The transition from unemployment to employment was 17.2 and 17.9 percent respectively between the two time periods. It says the probabilities of moving out of labor force to employment increased from 2.8 percent to 3.1 percent during the study period.


“Compared to males, the labor patterns for females also show higher rates of losing employment and less opportunities of finding employment during the entire study period,” the study stressed. Moreover study explains that “the transition probabilities of EU are higher for the 15-24 age group than for 25-34 group for both periods. This may be indicative of that the older group has more education & training and/or experience to move.”


It is not clear whether it is mere chance or employers prefer older more experienced workers over younger inexperience workers, it says while adding that one could guess that these are mature people who could be having family responsibilities and could not afford to choose jobs. Economic theory explains how the aggregates of employment and unemployment are determined by the business cycle of the economy, the researchers say.


They point out that the aggregate unemployment rate may also be influenced by worker flows between different labour market states of employment, unemployment and out-of-labour market. Thus, study highlights that it is important to analyse transitions of workers among labour market states for many reasons. “One reason is that while aggregate unemployment may be due to lack of job expansions in the economy, some of the unemployment arise due to job mobility,” UB academics say.


The new study will contribute to existing literature because the researchers claim that there is no literature on labour market transitions in Botswana. Majority of the studies that employed duration models attempted to estimate the duration of unemployment, conditional on individual personal characteristics and labor market conditions experienced by individuals. While the labour market transitions of the labour force are important in explaining unemployment, the study states that the socio-economic characteristics of individuals also play an important role.


“These individual characteristics influence the flows of people into different labour market positions, which can be measured by probabilities of losing jobs and probabilities of finding new jobs,” study further says. Botswana has its share of youth unemployment which remains a global concern and most countries continue to experience increased youth unemployment and this is particularly so for African economies, most of which are currently struggling to address the problem.


According to International Labour Organisation (ILO), given the sustained upward trend in global unemployment, which has hit the youths so hard, it is likely that many of them will continue to be almost three times unemployed than the adult population, hence the need to conduct youth unemployment studies.

Cartoon

Polls

Do you think the courts will help put the UDC, BMD impasse within reasonable time ahead of the 2019 General Election?

banner_14.jpg
banner_12.jpg

POPULER BRANDS