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Zimbabweans dominate work permit holders

Publishing Date : 08 January, 2018


Statistics Botswana has revealed that the majority of work permit holders during the third quarter of 2017 were from Zimbabwe at 2,398 persons (47.4 percent), followed by South Africa at 807 persons (15.5 percent,)  and Indian Sub-Continent with 440 persons (9.1 percent).

According to a report released at the end of December the total number of work permit holders that were valid as of end of September 2017 was 5,242. Of these 4,417 (84.3 percent) were employees while 825 (15.7 percent) were self – employed. Overall, male work permit holders at 78.9 percent were higher than their female counterparts (21.1 %).

“Employee work permit holders consist of those holding new work permits and those whose work permits have been renewed. 3,754 permit holders were new employee work permits, while 663 held renewed ones. Males outnumbered females for both new and renewed work permit holders,” reads the Statistics Botswana report signed off by Statistician General, Annah Majelantle.

In the new work permit holder’s category, males accounted for 66.4 percent of total employee work permit holders compared to 17.8 percent for females. For the renewed work permit holders, male employees work permit holders accounted for 11.4 percent of the total employee work permit holders compared with 4.3 percent for females.

The report further indicates that total work permits holders were increasing in the first quarter of 2017 but started to decline in the second quarter of 2017 and increased again in the third quarter of 2017. Between December 2016 and March 2017, total work permits holders increased by 605 persons, from 5,293 in December 2016 to 5,898 in March 2017, an increase of 11.4 percent. Between June 2017 and September 2017, total work permits holders decreased by 513 persons, from 5,755 in June 2017 to 5,242 in September 2017, a decrease of 8.9 percent. Comparing December 2016 with September 2017 total work permits holders decreased by 51 persons, a decrease of 1.0 percent.


The same Statistics Botswana quarterly report indicates that age distribution shows that a large number of work permit holders were in the 40 - 44 years age group, at 19.2 percent of total work permit holders, followed by the 35-39 and 30-34 years age groups at 18.6 and 16.8 percent respectively.

For the self-employed category, age group 40 – 44 had the largest share with 166 permit holders (20.1 percent) followed by the 45 – 49 age group with 147 permit holders (17.8 percent). For employee work permit holders, the 35-39 age group stood at 846 permit holders (19.2 percent) followed by age group 40-44 with 843 work permit holders (19.1 percent). Work permit holders of youth, aged 15-35 accounted for 1519, which is 29 percent of the total work permit holders.

The reports notes that overall, Agriculture had the largest work permit holders at 29.3 percent, followed by Construction with 14.6 percent. Manufacturing was third with 9.2 percent work permit holders. For the employee work permit holders, Agriculture Industry accounted for 33.2 percent of employee work permit holders, followed by Construction with 15.7 percent. For the self-employed work permit holders’ category, Wholesale & Retail Trade was above other industries, recording 31.9 percent of work permit holders, followed by Real Estate and Manufacturing

Meanwhile the largest proportion is found in the elementary occupations with 1358 persons (30.7 percent), followed by the Professionals with 955 persons (21.6 percent) and Managers/Administrators at 791 persons (17.9 percent). In terms of training, among the employee work permit holders, 43.8 percent (1,933) had No Training or had not stated if they have any training. Degree holders accounted for 27.6 percent (1217) of work permit holders with known training status. Diploma holders accounted for, 17.1 percent (754), while Certificate holders contributed 11.6 percent (513) of employee work permit holders.

Furthermore, Engineering & Allied programs and Craft programs topped the work permit holders with known training status, accounting for 14.0 percent and 8.4 percent respectively. These were followed by work permit holders with Commercial, Clerical and Business & Public Administration programs training at 7.5 percent.

“Work permits represent an authorization issued by the Department of Labour and Social Security allowing nationals of other countries to work legally in the country. Data on work permits are collected by reasons for issuing such permits. The main reasons for issuing such permits are employment, education, family, and other reasons. The analysis of permit in this brief is confined only to work permits, drawn from National administrative registers and databases,” explained Majelantle.

The Department of Labour and Social Security issues work-permits, and copies of approved work-permit applications are forwarded to Statistics Botswana to be analysed. Although all work permit forms received by Statistics Botswana for a specific quarter are processed and entered into the data base, others arrive after the publication of the stats brief, and are captured for analysis for the subsequent publication, she said.



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